The manuscript and illustrations should be sent to Alfredo E. Buzzi (Editor) by email to

The author should retain a further copy for reference.

Manuscripts must be accompanied by a letter from the principal author confirming that all authors have consented to

publication, and that the paper has not been nor will be published elsewhere.

The manuscript should be sent in a Microsoft Word file, A4 size, in single-spacing with margins of 2,5 cm, Times New Roman size 8.

The title page should include (1) a concise, informative title; (2) author’s name, affiliation and email address; (3) up to 5 keywords; and (4) a short title of not more than 40 characters for page headings.

Papers should not normally exceed 5500 words and 20 illustrations or tables. Epigraphs of the illustrations must been sent in a different Microsoft Word file.

Subheadings within the text should be used, as appropriate, to highlight the content of different sections.



Al articles must have a Bibliography section at the end.

It is not mandatory, but the Vancouver style is encourage to be used, in which references are identified in the text by superior arabic numerals, and are numbered and listed consecutively at the end of the manuscript in the order in which they are first cited in the text. References cited only in tables or in legends to figures should be numbered in accordance with a sequence established by the first identification in the text of a particular table or illustration.

The full list of references at the end of the manuscript should include: names and initials of all authors (unless more than 6,

when only the first 3 are given followed by et al.); the title of the paper; the journal title abbreviated according to the style found in Index Medicus; year of publication; volume number; first and last page numbers. References to books should give the book title, place of publication, publisher and year; those of multiple authorship should also include the chapter title, first and last page numbers, and the names and initials of editors. For example:

11 Bloy M. In spite of medical help: the puzzle of an eighteenth- centurv Prime Minister’s illness. Med Hist 1990; 34: 178-84

12 Gushing H. The Life of Sir William Oder. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1925

13 Bergman NA. Thomas Beddoes (1760-1808), tuberculosis and the medical pneumatic institutor. In Atkinson RS, Boulton RB, eds. The History of Anaesthesia (Royal Society of Medicine International Congress and Symposium Series No. 134). London: Royal Society of Medicine Services, 1989:477-81

Papers accepted but not yet published should be included in the references followed by “(in press)”. Those in preparation (including any submitted for publication), and unpublished observations should be referred to as such in the text only.

References to archival material, and “Notes”, should be numbered as part of the same numerical sequence used for published references, and relevant information included in the list.


Illustrations and tables

Illustrations should be submitted as separately files from the text, in any image format, should be numbered in the order in which they are mentioned in the text, and each have a short explanatory caption (in a separate Microsoft Word file).

Any illustrations or tables previously published should be accompanied by the written consent of the copyright holder to republication, an acknowledgement included in the caption, and the full reference included in the list

Tables should be simple and should not duplicate information given in the text. Each table should be sent in different files (Microsoft Excel, Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Word, or any image file format). Each column of the table should have a short heading, and footnotes should be used for explanatory matter (e.g. abbreviations).


Measurements and abbreviations

Non-metric units must be accompanied by metric (SI) equivalents.

The approved names of drugs should be used (proprietary names may follow in parentheses).

Abbreviations, if used, must be defined at their first mention in the text. (For more detailed recommendations authors should consult: Baron DN, ed. Units, Symbols, and Abbreviations. A guide for medical and scientific editors and authors. 5th edn. London: Royal Society of Medicine, 1994.)


Proofs and offprints

Each contributor will be sent a proof to check, and corrections should be kept to a minimum.